Darwin war history
Imperishable Anzacs : a story of Australia's famous First Brigade : from the diary of Harold W. Cavill. 1916.
Whilst this book is a limited edition with a leather bound cover, its uniqueness lies within.
Harold W. Cavill was a member of the ANZAC Memorial Band when it visited Singleton.
""THE FAMOUS FIRST."" Singleton Argus (NSW : 1880 - 1954) 1 June 1916: 2
"TRIBUTE TO A SINGLETON SOLDIER." Singleton Argus 12 September 1916: 3.
The names listed within the pages of this book are more than likely to have participated as members of the ANZAC Memorial Band in late 1915 when this book was originally published. As one of the signatories departed Australia in December 1915 and died at Villiers Bretonneux in August 1916.
We know that Charles Mayal was the band master, and Arthur Grant was a bugler so by deduction we ascertained the others were also members of this band.
Charles Phineas Mayall is the one third from left, second row holding the cornet. Charles was a very talented cornet player and band master, and was the band master for the Sydney Harbour Bridge opening parade (from Great War forum).
National Archives Anzac Memorial Band 1916. A1861. Taken by Stanley Robert Beer, Sydney.
The artistic copyright on this photograph was lodged in 1916.
The Great War forum gives a little more information on the Anzac Memorial Band and it participants,
William Arnold Melville, Manager, 6th AASC. Service No. 1024. Melville was born in Sydney. He joined 16/12/1914 at 38 years 8months. He was married with 3 children. Melville embarked on 21/12/1914 on board HMAT Port Macquarie as a driver. He returned to Australia SS.Kyarra 17/7/1915. Discharged 30/11/1915. He re-enlisted again 11/4/1917 embarking from Sydney 28/4/1917 and returning to Australia on SS Morinda on 27/6/1917. In 1919 Melville was on Special Service embarking on board SS Kursk returning on 29/10/1919 on board Raranga.
Charles Phineas Mayall Bandmaster RAN. Service No. 1641. Date of birth - 01 Oct 1882 : Place of birth - Waipu New Zealand : Place of enlistment - Sydney : Next of Kin - Mayall Helena.
The bandmaster, Charles Phineas, was born in Waipu, New Zealand, in 1882. He served in the Royal Navy (NZ station) from 1904 to 1910, then joined the RAN in 1912. He was bandmaster of the band on HMAS Encounter, the first naval band of the RAN as well as various ships' bands after the war. In June 1915, he was discharged from the RAN by purchase, only to rejoin almost 5 years later. It was during this hiatus that he became involved in the Anzac Memorial Band.
John Henry Calthorpe, 1st Light Horse, Service No: 243. Calthorpe was born in Tenterfield and he was a pastry cook from Maitland Road, Hamilton, Newcastle, NSW. He enlisted 19/8/1914 at the age of 23 years and 11 months, he was also a Band Sergeant. He embarked for overseas on HMAT Star of Victoria from Sydney on 20/10/1914, was at Gallipoli and wounded at Gaba Tebe 12 July 1915. Returned to Australia on board HS Karoola 4/11/15.
"MR. J. H. CALTHORPE DIES; WELL-KNOWN BUSINESS MAN" The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) 3 June 1950: 1.
The death occurred in Canberra Community Hospital last night of one of Canberra's best known identities. Mr. John Henry Calthorpe, of Mugga Way, Red Hill, aged 59 years.
Mr. Calthorpe, who was a director of the firm of Woodgers and Calthorpe, Ltd., was one of
the earliest residents of the Territory. A native of Maitland, he enlisted on the outbreak of the
First World War, his number in the First Regiment, being 153.
After being seriously wounded on Gallipoli, he returned to Australia and undertook recruiting
work which brought him to this district.
In 1918 he established a stock and station agency business. Two years later he joined Mr.Woodgers in the firm of Woodgers and Calthorpe.
Known throughout the State as an expert on beef cattle and fat stock, Mr. Calthorpe was for
many years vice-president of the Stock and Station Agents' Association, retiring from that position last Tuesday.
He was a foundation member and vice-president of the Canberra Picnic Race Club, one of
the earliest members of the Royal Canberra Golf Club, a member of the Canberra Bowling Club, and a director of the Canberra Club. He took an active interest in the Canberra Services
Club. He was the owner of two racehorses, Prince Terry, which won the Goulburn Picnic Race Club Cup last March, and Mo chat.
William Albert Bailey. Service No. 829. Bailey was born in Balmain, Sydney. He joined on 15 April 1915. Embarked on board HMAT Ceramic 25/6/1915 He returned to Australia 18/12/1915.
Ernest George Pearce TPR. Service No. 182. 26 year old engine driver from Coronto Street, Five Dock, New South Wales. Joined on 17/2/1915 with the 4th Light Horse Brigade, 12th Light Horse Regiment (Band). Embarked on board HMAT Suevic A29 from Sydney on 13/6/1915. Returned on Aeneas 26/11/1915 with Sciatica. Discharged 27/1/1916.
Pearce served again in World War 2 NX68780, 3rd Res. M.T. Coy as an Engineer. He embarked from Singapore 8/2/1942 for Java where he was taken prisoner after being a POW for 3 years, he was discharged 30/11/1945. He died 20/7/1957.
"OBITUARY" The Biz (Fairfield, NSW : 1928 - 1972) 7 August 1957: 12.
Service Record WW2:
William Gosper, 7th Australian Light Horse. Service No. 3385. William was born in Strathfield, Sydney to Emmaline Maud Gosper. He was 18 years old when he joined up 30 December 1916, he was a carpenter. He embarked from Sydney 24/1/1917 on board the Anchises. He was wounded in action and lost his leg in France 8/7/1918 and returned to Australia on the Kanowna 5/1/1919.
Martin Joseph Kain, 20th Battalion. Service No. 15932. Kain was born in Hamley Bridge, South Australia. Martin was a fitter by trade. He was 32years and 4months old on enlistment on 28/2/1916. He embarked on the Ulysses 25/10/1916. Proceeded to France 21/3/1917 and returned to England 9/4/1917. Returned to Australia on Oreta 23/6/1919 with nursing staff. Kain passed away 15/2/1943
Ronald Armstrong Reid, Corporal, 13th Infantry / 15th Battalion. Service No. 4412. Reid was born in Geelong Victoria. Ronald was 23 years and 2 months on joining in 23/8/1915. He embarked on board Demosthenes 29/12/1915. Reid was killed in action at Villiers Bretonneux 8/8/1916.
Roll of Honour
Arthur Charles Grant, Bugler, 3rd Battalion. Service No. 1624. Grant was born in Wellington New Zealand. He was 21years 6 months on joining in 10/12/1914. He suffered from wounds inflicted from a shell burst at the Dardenelles suffering from being unconscious. He returned to Australia HMT Horarata 29/7/1915.
Henry William Pearce 18th Battalion. Service No, 2287. Pearce was born in Roselle, Sydney. He was 23 years and 9months and a cabinet maker when he joined up 5/6/1915. He embarked on the Argyllshire 30/9/15. He returned to Australia on H.T.Itonus with Sciatica on 19/6/1916, discharged 11/9/1916.
A story in the Sun had £65 17s 6d being stolen from Henry William Pearce and the Anzac Memorial Band.
"SOLDIERS' BAND MONEY" The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954) 20 February 1919: 7.
Frederich Nichols, 18th Battalion. Service No. 946. Nichols was born in Cooma, New South Wales. He was 22 years old and a labourer when he joined up 27/3/1915. Embarking on the HMAT Ceramic on 25/6/1915. He returned to Australia on HT Commonwealth with Enteric fever 21/1/1916.
Gunner Holland 5th LH Battalion. No information found. Unable to identify 1st name.
Lancelot Aspinall, 6th A L H (Librarian). Service No. 373. Aspinall was born in Temuka, New Zealand. He was 29 years old when he joined on 1/9/1914. He was a clerk and lived in Paddington Sydney with his wife Ada. Embarked on HMAT Suevic 21/12/1914. He returned to Australia 28/1/1916.
James Patrick Redmond, 18th Battalion. Service No. 306. Redmond was born in Glebe, Sydney. He was 24 years and 5 months when he enlisted on 6/3/1915. He was a musician. He proceeded to Gallipoli 16/8/1915. Re returned to Australia 5/7/1916 on HT Euripides with deafness.
Herbert Laurie Boots, 1st Light Horse. Service No. 90. Boots was born in Raymond Terrace, New South Wales. He was 20 years old when he enlisted 22/8/1914. He was a carpenter and a trumpeter. He received gun shot wounds to his arms and buttocks 28/5/1915. He returned to Australia on board Suevic 8/10/1915
Manfred Lawrence Rogan, 1st Light Horse. Service No. 331. Trumpeter. He was born in Goulburn, New South Wales. Rogan was 21 years and 4 months when he joined 25/8/1914. He embarked on board HMAT Star of Victoria 20/10/1914. He was admitted to hospital on Gallipoli Peninsula 27/5/1915. He returned to Australia 12/2/1916 on board HT Argyllshire. Discharged 28/8/1916.
Edgar George Brigden, 4th Battalion AIF. Service No. 366. Brigden was born 20 January 1873 in Wangaratta, Victoria, he was 38 years old when he joined on 20/8/1914. He embarked 20/10/1914. He received gun shot wounds to his right arm and returned to Australia on board HT Aeneas 31/10/1915. He re-enlisted No. 1021 13/5/1918 stating previous service with 12 month Headquarters Band. He served with the No. 2 District Guard till 11/9/1918. He passed away on 15/8/1953 at Yarramundi leaving wife Madge and daughter Enid.
J.W. Sproules, 1st N & M. Service No. 944 (994 typo) Sproules embarked from Sydney A35 Berrima 19/8/1914. He was sent to Rabaul as an escort for prisoners. Returned to Australia invalid 15/10/1914.
Arthur Errington, 32nd Battalion. Service No. 91. Arthur was from Brompton, South Australia. Errington was a hairdresser when he enlisted at the age of 35 years 6 months on 19/7/1915. Errington embarked from Adelaide 28/11/1915 on board A2 Geelong. He had previously served with the 5th Imperial Bushman South African War (Boer). He returned to Australia on board Wyreema 20/7/1919. He was awarded the American Distinguished Service Cross - Australian Gazette No.53, 16 June 1921; p. 950.
Distinguished Service Cross Awarded to a person who while serving in any capacity with the Army, distinguished himself or herself by extraordinary heroism not justifying the award of a Medal of Honor; while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States; while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing or foreign force; or while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing Armed Force in which the United States is not a belligerent party. The act or acts of heroism must have been so notable and have involved risk of life so extraordinary as to set the individual apart from his or her comrades.
Darwin Military Museum
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Darwin Military Museum